Seeking the reuse of effluents and sludge from conventional wastewater treatment plants: Analysis of the presence of intestinal protozoa and nematode eggs
Resumen: Some of the microorganisms present in urban wastewater, which include intestinal protozoa and nematodes, can be pathogenic. Their (oo)cyst and egg transmissible stages are very resistant to environmental stresses and disinfectants and they are therefore difficult to remove. Thus, they can constitute a health risk if water or sludge obtained in the purification of wastewater is reused for agricultural purposes. In this context, the presence of intestinal protozoa and nematodes were studied in influents, effluents and sludge from five wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in the north of Spain by optical microscopy and PCR techniques. The removal efficiency of different wastewater treatments was also compared. The presence of protozoa has increased among the population discharging waste to WWTPs in recent years. Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia duodenalis, Entamoeba spp. and nematodes were detected in all of the WWTPs. Indeed, this is the first report of Entamoeba histolytica and Entamoeba moshkovskii in Spanish WWTPs. The water treatments studied showed different removal efficiencies for each species of intestinal protozoa, with the aerated lagoons providing the best results. (Oo)cysts were also detected in sludge even after aerobic digestion and dehydration. To avoid risks, (oo)cyst viability should be analysed whenever the sludge is to be used as a fertilizer. This study reinforces the necessity of establishing legal limits on the presence of protozoa in WWTP effluents and sludges, especially if reuse is planned. Further studies are necessary for a better understanding of the presence and behaviour of intestinal parasites.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.110268
Año: 2020
Publicado en: Journal of Environmental Management 261, 110268 (2020), 1-9
ISSN: 0301-4797

Factor impacto JCR: 6.789 (2020)
Categ. JCR: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES rank: 34 / 272 = 0.125 (2020) - Q1 - T1
Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 1.441 - Environmental Engineering (Q1) - Waste Management and Disposal (Q1) - Medicine (miscellaneous) (Q1) - Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law (Q1)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/DGA/T51-17R
Tipo y forma: Article (PostPrint)
Área (Departamento): Área Parasitología (Dpto. Microb.Ped.Radio.Sal.Pú.)
Área (Departamento): Área Técnica. Lab. y Talleres (Dpto. Microb.Ped.Radio.Sal.Pú.)
Área (Departamento): Área Tecnologi. Medio Ambiente (Dpto. Ing.Quím.Tecnol.Med.Amb.)

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 Notice créée le 2022-03-09, modifiée le 2022-03-09

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