Early paleocene paleoceanography and export productivity in the Chicxulub crater

Lowery C.M. ; Jones H.L. ; Bralower T.J. ; Cruz L.P. ; Gebhardt C. ; Whalen M.T. ; Chenot E. ; Smit J. ; Phillips M.P. ; Choumiline K. ; Arenillas I. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Arz J.A. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Garcia F. ; Ferrand M. ; Gulick S.P.S. ; Christeson G. ; Claeys P. ; Cockell C. ; Coolen M. ; Ferrière L. ; Goto K. ; Green S. ; Grice K. ; Kring D. ; Lofi J. ; Mellett C. ; Morgan J. ; Ocampo-Torres R. ; Pickersgill A. ; Poelchau M. ; Rae A. ; Rasmussen C. ; Rebolledo-Vieyra M. ; Riller U. ; Sato H. ; Schaefer B. ; Tikoo S. ; Tomioka N. ; Urrutia-Fucugauchi J. ; Wittmann A. ; Xiao L. ; Yamaguchi K. ; Zylberman W. ; Expedition 364 Science Party
Early paleocene paleoceanography and export productivity in the Chicxulub crater
Resumen: The Chicxulub impact caused a crash in productivity in the world''s oceans which contributed to the extinction of ~75% of marine species. In the immediate aftermath of the extinction, export productivity was locally highly variable, with some sites, including the Chicxulub crater, recording elevated export production. The long-term transition back to more stable export productivity regimes has been poorly documented. Here, we present elemental abundances, foraminifer and calcareous nannoplankton assemblage counts, total organic carbon, and bulk carbonate carbon isotope data from the Chicxulub crater to reconstruct changes in export productivity during the first 3 Myr of the Paleocene. We show that export production was elevated for the first 320 kyr of the Paleocene, declined from 320 kyr to 1.2 Myr, and then remained low thereafter. A key interval in this long decline occurred 900 kyr to 1.2 Myr post impact, as calcareous nannoplankton assemblages began to diversify. This interval is associated with fluctuations in water column stratification and terrigenous flux, but these variables are uncorrelated to export productivity. Instead, we postulate that the turnover in the phytoplankton community from a post-extinction assemblage dominated by picoplankton (which promoted nutrient recycling in the euphotic zone) to a Paleocene pelagic community dominated by relatively larger primary producers like calcareous nannoplankton (which more efficiently removed nutrients from surface waters, leading to oligotrophy) is responsible for the decline in export production in the southern Gulf of Mexico. © 2021. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1029/2021PA004241
Año: 2021
Publicado en: Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology 36, 11 (2021), 004241 [21 pp]
ISSN: 2572-4525

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO-FEDER/CGL2015-64422-P
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO-FEDER/PGC2018-093890-B-I00
Tipo y forma: Artículo (Versión definitiva)
Área (Departamento): Área Paleontología (Dpto. Ciencias de la Tierra)

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