From Fossil Fuel Society to Low-Carbon Society: Smart Cities as a Facilitating Strategy
Resumen: Current environmental problems have their origin in changes in energy sources and the urban metabolism (linear-circular) throughout history. In response to these problems, Europe has defined an energy transition strategy, reinforced with circular economy and carbon capture strategies, with the aim of becoming the first climate-neutral continent. Cities play a very relevant role in energy transition because they host a large part of human activities and are responsible for a good part of consumption. In this paper, we propose a classification of the different societies throughout history from the environmental and energy point of view, which distinguishes four societies: organic, mineral, fossil fuel, and low-carbon. We analyse these considering urban and technological aspects as well as energy sources and consumption-related matters. Throughout history, energy transitions have taken a long time. The smart city is seen here as one of the innovations that will allow a quick and progressive implementation of the energy transition in Europe. The global scale of decarbonisation is seen, however, as one of the greatest challenges to overcome. © 2022 CSIC.
Idioma: Español
DOI: 10.3989/arbor.2022.803-804003
Año: 2022
Publicado en: Arbor 198, 803-804 (2022), a636 - [15 pp]
ISSN: 1988-303X

Factor impacto CITESCORE: 0.6 - Arts and Humanities (Q2) - Social Sciences (Q3)

Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 0.143 - Cultural Studies (Q2) - Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous) (Q3) - Sociology and Political Science (Q4)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MICINN/PID2019-104871RB-C21
Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Área Construc. Arquitectónicas (Dpto. Arquitectura)

Creative Commons You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.

Exportado de SIDERAL (2023-09-13-11:17:51)

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