Acute effects of long-distance races on heart rate variability and arterial stiffness: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Resumen: This study systematically reviewed and quantified the effects of running a long-distance race (LDR) on heart rate variability (HRV) and arterial stiffness (AS). All types of races of a distance equal to or greater than a marathon (=42.2 km) were included. A total of 2, 220 articles were identified, 52 were included in the qualitative analysis, and 48 were meta-analysed. The standardised mean difference pre- and post-race of various time-domain and frequency-domain indices of HRV, mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) was calculated. Regarding HRV, there was a significant decrease in most of the variables considered as markers of parasympathetic activity, indicating a shift of autonomic balance towards a reduced vagal tone. Regarding vascular variables, there was a significant drop in blood pressure and reduced AS. In conclusion, running an LDR seems to have a considerable acute effect on the autonomic nervous system, haemodynamics, and vascular properties. The observed effects could be categorised within the expected acute responses to long-lasting, strenuous exercise. © 2021 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2021.1986276
Año: 2022
Publicado en: Journal of Sports Sciences 40, 3 (2022)
ISSN: 0264-0414

Factor impacto JCR: 3.4 (2022)
Categ. JCR: SPORT SCIENCES rank: 20 / 87 = 0.23 (2022) - Q1 - T1
Factor impacto CITESCORE: 6.5 - Health Professions (Q1) - Medicine (Q1)

Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 1.141 - Orthopedics and Sports Medicine (Q1) - Sports Science (Q1) - Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation (Q1)

Tipo y forma: Article (PrePrint)
Área (Departamento): Área Educación Física y Depor. (Dpto. Fisiatría y Enfermería)

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 Record created 2022-12-22, last modified 2023-09-14

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