Associations between pedometer-determined physical activity and adiposity in children and adolescents: Systematic review

Miguel Berges, Maria Luisa
Bueno Lozano, Gloria (dir.) ; Moreno Aznar, Luis Alberto (dir.) ; Jimenez Pavón, David (dir.)

Universidad de Zaragoza, MED, 2013
Departamento de Pediatría, Radiología y Medicina Física, Área de Pediatría

Máster Universitario en Condicionantes Genéticos, Nutricionales y Ambientales del Crecimiento y Desarrollo

Resumen: The present review sought to examine the recent evidence on associations between objectively physical activity determined by pedometer and adiposity. A search for observational studies was carried out using database Pubmed in May 2013. Of 278 potentially eligible papers, 34 papers were included. Most studies (28/34; 82%) were crosssectional and all used proxies for adiposity, such as body mass index (BMI) or BMI z-score as the outcome measure. Few studies (9%; 3/34) focused on pre-school children. There was consistent evidence of negative associations between pedometer-determined physical activity and adiposity: significant negative associations were observed in 24/34 (71%) of studies overall. The present review supports the hypothesis that higher levels of habitual physical activity are protective against child and adolescent obesity. However, prospective longitudinal studies are warranted; there is a need for more research on younger children, and for more ‘dose-response’ evidence.

Tipo de Trabajo Académico: Trabajo Fin de Master

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