Multiple origins, one evolutionary trajectory: gradual evolution characterizes distinct lineages of allotetraploid
Resumen: The “genomic shock” hypothesis posits that unusual challenges to genome integrity such as whole genome duplication may induce chaotic genome restructuring. Decades of research on polyploid genomes have revealed that this is often, but not always the case. While some polyploids show major chromosomal rearrangements and derepression of transposable elements in the immediate aftermath of whole genome duplication, others do not. Nonetheless, all polyploids show gradual diploidization over evolutionary time. To evaluate these hypotheses, we produced a chromosome-scale reference genome for the natural allotetraploid grass Brachypodium hybridum, accession “Bhyb26.” We compared 2 independently derived accessions of B. hybridum and their deeply diverged diploid progenitor species Brachypodium stacei and Brachypodium distachyon. The 2 B. hybridum lineages provide a natural timecourse in genome evolution because one formed 1.4 million years ago, and the other formed 140 thousand years ago. The genome of the older lineage reveals signs of gradual post-whole genome duplication genome evolution including minor gene loss and genome rearrangement that are missing from the younger lineage. In neither B. hybridum lineage do we find signs of homeologous recombination or pronounced transposable element activation, though we find evidence supporting steady post-whole genome duplication transposable element activity in the older lineage. Gene loss in the older lineage was slightly biased toward 1 subgenome, but genome dominance was not observed at the transcriptomic level. We propose that relaxed selection, rather than an abrupt genomic shock, drives evolutionary novelty in B. hybridum, and that the progenitor species’ similarity in transposable element load may account for the subtlety of the observed genome dominance.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1093/genetics/iyac146
Año: 2023
Publicado en: GENETICS 223, 2 (2023), [14 pp.]
ISSN: 0016-6731

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/DGA-FSE/A01-20R
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MICINN/PID2019-108195GB-I00
Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Área Botánica (Dpto. CC.Agrar.y Medio Natural)

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