Towards the PCR-based identification of Palaearctic Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae): Results from an international ring trial targeting four species of the subgenus Avaritia

Garros, C. ; Balenghien, T. ; Carpenter, S. ; Delécolle, J.C ; Meiswinkel, R. ; Pédarrieu, A. ; Rakotoarivony, I. ; Gardès, L. ; Golding, N. ; Barber, J. ; Miranda, M. ; Borràs, D.B. ; Goffredo, M. ; Monaco, F. ; Pagès, N. ; Sghaier, S. ; Hammami, S. ; Calvo, J.H. ; Lucientes, J. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Geysen, D. ; De Deken, G. ; Sarto, I.Monteys ; Schwenkenbecher, J. ; Kampen, H. ; Hoffmann, B. ; Lehmann, K. ; Werner, D. ; Baldet, T. ; Lancelot, R. ; Cêtre-Sossah, C.
Towards the PCR-based identification of Palaearctic Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae): Results from an international ring trial targeting four species of the subgenus Avaritia
Financiación FP6 / FP6 Funds
Resumen: Background: Biting midges of the genus Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are biological vectors of internationally important arboviruses. To understand the role of Culicoides in the transmission of these viruses, it is essential to correctly identify the species involved. Within the western Palaearctic region, the main suspected vector species, C. obsoletus, C. scoticus, C. dewulfi and C. chiopterus, have similar wing patterns, which makes it difficult to separate and identify them correctly. Methods. In this study, designed as an inter-laboratory ring trial with twelve partners from Europe and North Africa, we assess four PCR-based assays which are used routinely to differentiate the four species of Culicoides listed above. The assays based on mitochondrial or ribosomal DNA or microarray hybridisation were tested using aliquots of Culicoides DNA (extracted using commercial kits), crude lysates of ground specimens and whole Culicoides (265 individuals), and non-Culicoides Ceratopogonidae (13 individuals) collected from across Europe. Results: A total of 800 molecular assays were implemented. The in-house assays functioned effectively, although specificity and sensitivity varied according to the molecular marker and DNA extraction method used. The Obsoletus group specificity was overall high (95-99%) while the sensitivity varied greatly (59.6-100%). DNA extraction methods impacted the sensitivity of the assays as well as the type of sample used as template for the DNA extraction. Conclusions: The results are discussed in terms of current use of species diagnostic assays and the future development of molecular tools for the rapid differentiation of cryptic Culicoides species.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1186/1756-3305-7-223
Año: 2014
Publicado en: Parasites & Vectors 7 (2014), 233 [9 pp.]
ISSN: 1756-3305

Factor impacto JCR: 3.43 (2014)
Categ. JCR: PARASITOLOGY rank: 7 / 36 = 0.194 (2014) - Q1 - T1
Factor impacto SCIMAGO:

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EUR/FP6/SSPE-CT-2006-044285
Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Sanidad Animal (Departamento de Patología Animal)

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