Detection, characterization and quantification of inorganic engineered nanomaterials: A review of techniques and methodological approaches for the analysis of complex samples

Laborda, Francisco (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Bolea, Eduardo (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Cepriá, Gemma (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Gómez, María T. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Jiménez, María S. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Pérez-Arantegui, Josefina (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Castillo, Juan R. (Universidad de Zaragoza)
Detection, characterization and quantification of inorganic engineered nanomaterials: A review of techniques and methodological approaches for the analysis of complex samples
Resumen: The increasing demand of analytical information related to inorganic engineered nanomaterials requires the adaptation of existing techniques and methods, or the development of new ones. The challenge for the analytical sciences has been to consider the nanoparticles as a new sort of analytes, involving both chemical (composition, mass and number concentration) and physical information (e.g. size, shape, aggregation). Moreover, information about the species derived from the nanoparticles themselves and their transformations must also be supplied. Whereas techniques commonly used for nanoparticle characterization, such as light scattering techniques, show serious limitations when applied to complex samples, other well-established techniques, like electron microscopy and atomic spectrometry, can provide useful information in most cases. Furthermore, separation techniques, including flow field flow fractionation, capillary electrophoresis and hydrodynamic chromatography, are moving to the nano domain, mostly hyphenated to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry as element specific detector. Emerging techniques based on the detection of single nanoparticles by using ICP-MS, but also coulometry, are in their way to gain a position. Chemical sensors selective to nanoparticles are in their early stages, but they are very promising considering their portability and simplicity. Although the field is in continuous evolution, at this moment it is moving from proofs-of-concept in simple matrices to methods dealing with matrices of higher complexity and relevant analyte concentrations. To achieve this goal, sample preparation methods are essential to manage such complex situations. Apart from size fractionation methods, matrix digestion, extraction and concentration methods capable of preserving the nature of the nanoparticles are being developed. This review presents and discusses the state-of-the-art analytical techniques and sample preparation methods suitable for dealing with complex samples. Single- and multi-method approaches applied to solve the nanometrological challenges posed by a variety of stakeholders are also presented.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2015.11.008
Año: 2016
Publicado en: ANALYTICA CHIMICA ACTA 904 (2016), 10-32
ISSN: 0003-2670

Factor impacto JCR: 4.95 (2016)
Categ. JCR: CHEMISTRY, ANALYTICAL rank: 7 / 76 = 0.092 (2016) - Q1 - T1
Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 1.482 - Analytical Chemistry (Q1) - Spectroscopy (Q1) - Environmental Chemistry (Q1) - Biochemistry (Q1)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/CTQ2012-38091-C02-01
Tipo y forma: Review (PostPrint)
Área (Departamento): Área Química Analítica (Dpto. Química Analítica)

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