Biomarkers of hypochromia: The contemporary assessment of iron status and erythropoiesis
Resumen: Iron status is the result of the balance between the rate of erythropoiesis and the amount of the iron stores. Direct consequence of an imbalance between the erythroid marrow iron requirements and the actual supply is a reduction of red cell hemoglobin content, which causes hypochromic mature red cells and reticulocytes. The diagnosis of iron deficiency is particularly challenging in patients with acute or chronic inflammatory conditions because most of the biochemical markers for iron metabolism (serum ferritin and transferrin ) are affected by acute phase reaction. For these reasons, interest has been generated in the use of erythrocyte and reticulocyte parameters, available on the modern hematology analyzers. Reported during blood analysis routinely performed on the instrument, these parameters can assist in early detection of clinical conditions (iron deficiency, absolute, or functional; ineffective erythropoiesis, including iron restricted or thalassemia), without additional cost. Technological progress has meant that in recent years modern analyzers report new parameters that provide further information from the traditional count. Nevertheless these new parameters are exclusive of each manufacturer, and they are patented. This is an update of these new laboratory test biomarkers of hypochromia reported by different manufactures, their meaning, and clinical utility on daily practice.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1155/2013/603786
Año: 2013
Publicado en: BioMed Research International 2013 (2013), 603786 [8 pp]
ISSN: 2314-6133

Factor impacto JCR: 0.0 (2013)

Tipo y forma: Artículo (Versión definitiva)
Área (Departamento): Fisiología (Departamento de Farmacología y Fisiología)

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