Intestinal serotonin transporter inhibition by toll-like receptor 2 activation. A feedback modulation

Latorre, E. ; Layunta, E. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Grasa, L. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Castro, M. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Pardo, J. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Gomollón, F. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Alcalde, A.I. ; Mesonero, J.E. (Universidad de Zaragoza)
Intestinal serotonin transporter inhibition by toll-like receptor 2 activation. A feedback modulation
Resumen: TLR2 is a microbiota recognition receptor that has been described to contribute to intestinal homeostasis and to ameliorate inflammatory intestinal injury. In this context, serotonin (5-HT) has shown to be an essential intestinal physiological neuromodulator that is also involved in intestinal inflammatory diseases. Since the interaction between TLR2 activation and the intestinal serotoninergic system remains non-investigated, our main aim was to analyze the effect of TLR2 on intestinal serotonin transporter (SERT) activity and expression and the intracellular pathways involved. Caco-2/TC7 cells were used to analyze SERT and TLR2 molecular expression and SERT activity by measuring 5-HT uptake. The results showed that apical TLR2 activation inhibits SERT activity in Caco-2/TC7 cells mainly by reducing SERT protein level either in the plasma membrane, after short-term TLR2 activation or in both the plasma membrane and cell lysate, after long-term activation. cAMP/PKA pathway appears to mediate short-term inhibitory effect of TLR2 on SERT; however, p38 MAPK pathway has been shown to be involved in both short- and long-term TLR2 effect. Reciprocally, 5-HT long-term treatment yielded TLR2 down regulation in Caco-2/TC7 cells. Finally, results from in vivo showed an augmented intestinal SERT expression in mice Tlr2-/-, thus confirming our inhibitory effect of TLR2 on intestinal SERT in vitro. The present work infers that TLR2 may act in intestinal pathophysiology, not only by its inherent innate immune role, but also by regulating the intestinal serotoninergic system.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0169303
Año: 2016
Publicado en: PloS one 11, 12 (2016), [20 pp.]
ISSN: 1932-6203

Factor impacto JCR: 2.806 (2016)
Categ. JCR: MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES rank: 15 / 63 = 0.238 (2016) - Q1 - T1
Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 1.236 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous) (Q1) - Medicine (miscellaneous) (Q1) - Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous) (Q1)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/DGA/ARAINF-012-2008
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/DGA/B022-13
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/DGA/B61
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MICINN-FEDER/BFU2010-18971
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/SAF2014-54763-C2-1-R
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/UZ/UZ2014-BIO-3
Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Área Fisiología (Dpto. Farmacología y Fisiolog.)
Área (Departamento): Área Inmunología (Dpto. Microb.Med.Pr.,Sal.Públ.)
Área (Departamento): Area Medicina (Dpto. Medicina, Psiqu. y Derm.)

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