Response of vegetation to drought time-scales across global land biomes
Resumen: We evaluated the response of the Earth land biomes to drought by correlating a drought indexwith three global indicators of vegetation activity and growth: vegetation indices from satellite imagery, tree-ring growth series, and Aboveground Net Primary Production (ANPP) records. Arid and humid biomes are both affected by drought, and we suggest that the persistence of thewater deficit (i.e., the drought time-scale) could be playing a key role in determining the sensitivity of land biomes to drought. We found that arid biomes respond to drought at short time-scales; that is, there is a rapid vegetation reaction as soon as water deficits below normal conditions occur. This may be due to the fact that plant species of arid regions havemechanisms allowing them to rapidly adapt to changing water availability. Humid biomes also respond to drought at short time-scales, but in this case the physiological mechanisms likely differ fromthose operating in arid biomes, as plants usually have a poor adaptability to water shortage. On the contrary, semiarid and subhumid biomes respond to drought at long time-scales, probably because plants are able to withstand water deficits, but they lack the rapid response of arid biomes to drought. These results are consistent among three vegetation parameters analyzed and across different land biomes, showing that the response of vegetation to drought depends on characteristic drought time-scales for each biome. Understanding the dominant time-scales at which drought most influences vegetation might help assessing the resistance and resilience of vegetation and improving our knowledge of vegetation vulnerability to climate change.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1207068110
Año: 2013
Publicado en: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110, 1 (2013), 52-57
ISSN: 0027-8424

Factor impacto JCR: 9.809 (2013)
Categ. JCR: MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES rank: 4 / 55 = 0.073 (2013) - Q1 - T1
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/CGL2011-26654
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/CGL2011-27536
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/CGL2011-27574-C02-02
Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)

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