From individual to collective 3D cancer dissemination: roles of collagen concentration and TGF-ß

Plou, J. ; Juste-Lanas, Y. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Olivares, V. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; del Amo, C. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Borau, C. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; García-Aznar, J.M. (Universidad de Zaragoza)
From individual to collective 3D cancer dissemination: roles of collagen concentration and TGF-ß
Financiación H2020 / H2020 FundsFinanciación FP7 / Fp7 Funds
Resumen: Cancer cells have the ability to migrate from the primary (original) site to other places in the body. The extracellular matrix affects cancer cell migratory capacity and has been correlated with tissue-specific spreading patterns. However, how the matrix orchestrates these behaviors remains unclear. Here, we investigated how both higher collagen concentrations and TGF-ß regulate the formation of H1299 cell (a non-small cell lung cancer cell line) spheroids within 3D collagen-based matrices and promote cancer cell invasive capacity. We show that at low collagen concentrations, tumor cells move individually and have moderate invasive capacity, whereas when the collagen concentration is increased, the formation of cell clusters is promoted. In addition, when the concentration of TGF-ß in the microenvironment is lower, most of the clusters are aggregates of cancer cells with a spheroid-like morphology and poor migratory capacity. In contrast, higher concentrations of TGF-ß induced the formation of clusters with a notably higher invasive capacity, resulting in clear strand-like collective cell migration. Our results show that the concentration of the extracellular matrix is a key regulator of the formation of tumor clusters that affects their development and growth. In addition, chemical factors create a microenvironment that promotes the transformation of idle tumor clusters into very active, invasive tumor structures. These results collectively demonstrate the relevant regulatory role of the mechano-chemical microenvironment in leading the preferential metastasis of tumor cells to specific tissues with high collagen concentrations and TFG-ß activity.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-30683-4
Año: 2018
Publicado en: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 8, 1 (2018), 12723 [14 pp]
ISSN: 2045-2322

Factor impacto JCR: 4.011 (2018)
Categ. JCR: MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES rank: 14 / 69 = 0.203 (2018) - Q1 - T1
Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 1.414 - Multidisciplinary (Q1)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/306571/EU/Predictive modelling and simulation in mechano-chemo-biology: a computer multi-approach/INSILICO-CELL
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/737543/EU/Image Analysis Online Services for in-vitro experiments/IMAGO
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/DPI2015-64221-C2-1-R
Tipo y forma: Artículo (Versión definitiva)
Área (Departamento): Área Biología Celular (Dpto. Bioq.Biolog.Mol. Celular)
Área (Departamento): Área Mec.Med.Cont. y Teor.Est. (Dpto. Ingeniería Mecánica)


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