Plankton Taxonomic and Size Diversity of Mediterranean Brackish Ponds in Spring: Influence of Abiotic and Biotic Factors
Resumen: In this study, performed in Mediterranean brackish ponds during spring season, we assessed the effects of biotic interactions and abiotic factors on the size and taxonomic structure of the phytoplankton and zooplankton. We used a taxonomic and a size diversity index as a descriptor of the community structure. We predicted that the size diversity of each trophic level would be mainly related to biotic interactions, such as size-based fish predation (in the case of zooplankton) and food resource availability (in the case of phytoplankton), whereas taxonomic diversity would be more affected by abiotic variables (e.g., conductivity, pond morphology). Our results showed a negative relationship between phytoplankton size diversity and food resource availability leading to low size diversities under food scarcity due to dominance of small species. Conductivity also negatively affected the phytoplankton size diversity, although slightly. Regarding zooplankton size diversity, none of predictors tested seemed to influence this index. Similar fish size diversities among ponds may prevent a significant effect of fish predation on size diversity of zooplankton. As expected, taxonomic diversity of phytoplankton and zooplankton was related to abiotic variables (specifically pond morphometry) rather than biotic interactions, which are usually body size dependent, especially in these species-poor brackish environments.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.3390/w11010106
Año: 2019
Publicado en: WATER 11, 1 (2019), 106 [18 pp]
ISSN: 2073-4441

Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 0.108 - Water Science and Technology (Q2) - Biochemistry (Q3) - Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes (Q4)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MAPAMA/SOS Fartet Project
Tipo y forma: Artículo (Versión definitiva)
Área (Departamento): Área Ecología (Dpto. CC.Agrar.y Medio Natural)

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