Influencia de la ocupación en el deterioro cognitivo libre de demencia en una muestra de sujetos mayores de 55 años de Zaragoza

Gracia-Rebled, A.C. ; Santabárbara, J. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Lopez-Anton, R. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Tomas, C. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Lobo, E. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Marcos, G. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Lobo, A. (Universidad de Zaragoza)
Influencia de la ocupación en el deterioro cognitivo libre de demencia en una muestra de sujetos mayores de 55 años de Zaragoza
Resumen: Introduction: The prevalence of cognitive impairment with no dementia (CIND) varies between 5.1% and 35.9%, increasing between 65 and 85 years. The CIND increases the risk of dementia. Factors such as education, occupation, and social activities are associated with the risk of cognitive impairment. The main objective of this study was to analyse the association between the main occupation developed throughout life and CIND in a general population sample of over 55 years.
Methods: In wave I of the ZARADEMP Project, a sample (n = 4803) of people over 55 years was interviewed. CIND measurement was obtained through the Mini Mental State Examination. Occupational activity data were recoded into white collar, blue collar, homemakers, and farmers. The association between the occupation variables and CIND was estimated using the odds ratio, and 95% confidence intervals using logistic regression equations.
Results: The prevalence of CIND in the sample was 28.2%. As regards white collar workers, the CIND diagnosis odds was 53% higher for blue collar workers, 77% higher for women who were homemakers and almost twice for farmers, after controlling for socio-demographic, behavioural and clinical variables. All results were statistically significant.
Conclusions: CIND frequency is influenced by the previous occupation of the subjects. An occupation with higher intellectual requirements can help keep cognitive functions intact for longer.

Idioma: Español
DOI: 10.1016/j.regg.2017.07.001
Año: 2018
Publicado en: Revista Espanola de Geriatria y Gerontologia 53, 3 (2018), 134-140
ISSN: 0211-139X

Factor impacto SCIMAGO:

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/DGA/FSE
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/ISCIII/FIS/G03-128
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/ISCIII/FIS/01-0255
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/ISCIII/FIS/03-0815
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/ISCIII/FIS/06-0617
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/ISCIII/FIS/94-1562
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/ISCIII/FIS/97-1321E
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/ISCIII/FIS/98-0103
Tipo y forma: Article (PostPrint)
Área (Departamento): Área Enfermería (Dpto. Fisiatría y Enfermería)
Área (Departamento): Área Psicología Básica (Dpto. Psicología y Sociología)
Área (Departamento): Area Psiquiatría (Dpto. Medicina, Psiqu. y Derm.)
Área (Departamento): Área Medic.Prevent.Salud Públ. (Dpto. Microb.Med.Pr.,Sal.Públ.)

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