Is the tolerance of commercial peach cultivars to brown rot caused by Monilinia laxa modulated by its antioxidant content?
Resumen: Brown rot, caused by Monilinia spp., provokes pre-and post-harvest damage in peach (Prunus persica (L.) Batsch), which causes an economic impact in the industry. With a view to breeding for increased tolerance to this disease, a screening test based upon artificial fruit inoculation was validated on several parental lines of a peach breeding program during the two-period harvest. In addition, cultivars with different total phenolic contents were included in the two-year study. All physicochemical fruit traits recorded at harvest showed differences among all cultivars. The antioxidant compound content determined using spectrophotometry (to measure ascorbic acid and antioxidant capacity) and UPLC-MS (to measure and identify phenolic compounds) also revealed important differences among all genotypes. The rate of brown rot lesion following fruit inoculation varied widely among cultivars, and it was possible to discriminate between highly and less susceptible cultivars. Cultivars with minimal development of damage were identified as germplasm with the desirable allele combination to increase brown rot tolerance in peach breeding programs. Finally, Pearson’s correlation coefficients (r) between pairs of variables were calculated, searching for any biochemical candidate conferring tolerance. The correlation of phytopathological traits with the antioxidant composition, concerning contents of ascorbic, neochlorogenic, and chlorogenic acids and total polyphenols in fruit, is discussed.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.3390/plants9050589
Año: 2020
Publicado en: Plants 9, 5 (2020), 589 [14 pp.]
ISSN: 2223-7747

Factor impacto JCR: 3.935 (2020)
Categ. JCR: PLANT SCIENCES rank: 47 / 235 = 0.2 (2020) - Q1 - T1
Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 0.892 - Ecology (Q1) - Plant Science (Q1) - Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics (Q1)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/DGA/A09-17R
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/DGA/A44
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/AGL2014-52063R
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/AGL2017-83358-R
Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Área Producción Vegetal (Dpto. CC.Agrar.y Medio Natural)
Área (Departamento): Área Botánica (Dpto. CC.Agrar.y Medio Natural)

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 Record created 2020-06-16, last modified 2023-09-14

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