Melatonin non-linearly modulates bull spermatozoa motility and physiology in capacitating and non-capacitating conditions
Resumen: Bull spermatozoa physiology may be modulated by melatonin. We washed ejaculated spermatozoa free of melatonin and incubated them (4 h, 38 °C) with 0-pM, 1-pM, 100-pM, 10-nM and 1-µM melatonin in TALP-HEPES (non-capacitating) and TALP-HEPES-heparin (capacitating). This range of concentrations encompassed the effects mediated by melatonin receptors (pM), intracellular targets (nM–µM) or antioxidant activity (µM). Treatment effects were assessed as motility changes by computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA) of motility and physiological changes by flow cytometry. Melatonin effects were more evident in capacitating conditions, with 100 pM reducing motility and velocity (VCL) while increasing a “slow” subpopulation. All concentrations decreased apoptotic spermatozoa and stimulated mitochondrial activity in viable spermatozoa, with 100 pM–1 µM increasing acrosomal damage, 10 nM–1 µM increasing intracellular calcium and 1 pM reducing the response to a calcium-ionophore challenge. In non-capacitating media, 1 µM increased hyperactivation-related variables and decreased apoptotic spermatozoa; 100 pM–1 µM increased membrane disorders (related to capacitation); all concentrations decreased mitochondrial ROS production. Melatonin concentrations had a modal effect on bull spermatozoa, suggesting a capacitation-modulating role and protective effect at physiological concentrations (pM). Some effects may be of practical use, considering artificial reproductive techniques.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.3390/ijms21082701
Año: 2020
Publicado en: International Journal of Molecular Sciences 21, 8 (2020), 2701 [20 pp.]
ISSN: 1661-6596

Factor impacto JCR: 5.923 (2020)
Categ. JCR: BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY rank: 67 / 297 = 0.226 (2020) - Q1 - T1
Categ. JCR: CHEMISTRY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY rank: 49 / 178 = 0.275 (2020) - Q2 - T1

Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 1.455 - Catalysis (Q1) - Computer Science Applications (Q1) - Inorganic Chemistry (Q1) - Spectroscopy (Q1) - Molecular Biology (Q1) - Organic Chemistry (Q1) - Physical and Theoretical Chemistry (Q1) - Medicine (miscellaneous) (Q1)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO-FEDER/AGL2013-43328-P
Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Área Zoología (Dpto. Bioq.Biolog.Mol. Celular)

Creative Commons You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.


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