Neuroprotective Fragment C of Tetanus Toxin Modulates IL-6 in an ALS Mouse Model

Moreno-Martinez, L. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; de la Torre, M. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Muñoz, M.J. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Zaragoza, P. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Aguilera, J. ; Calvo, A.C. ; Osta, R. (Universidad de Zaragoza)
Neuroprotective Fragment C of Tetanus Toxin Modulates IL-6 in an ALS Mouse Model
Resumen: Neuroinflammation plays a significant role in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) pathology, leading to the development of therapies targeting inflammation in recent years. Our group has studied the tetanus toxin C-terminal fragment (TTC) as a therapeutic molecule, showing neuroprotective properties in the SOD1G93A mouse model. However, it is unknown whether TTC could have some effect on inflammation. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of TTC on the regulation of inflammatory mediators to elucidate its potential role in modulating inflammation occurring in ALS. After TTC treatment in SOD1G93A mice, levels of eotaxin-1, interleukin (IL)-2, IL-6 and macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1 alpha (a) and galectin-1 were analyzed by immunoassays in plasma samples, whilst protein expression of caspase-1, IL-1ß, IL-6 and NOD-, LRR- and pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) was measured in the spinal cord, extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscle and soleus (SOL) muscle. The results showed reduced levels of IL-6 in spinal cord, EDL and SOL in treated SOD1G93A mice. In addition, TTC showed a different role in the modulation of NLRP3 and caspase-1 depending on the tissue analyzed. In conclusion, our results suggest that TTC could have a potential anti-inflammatory effect by reducing IL-6 levels in tissues drastically affected by the disease. However, further research is needed to study more in depth the anti-inflammatory effect of TTC in ALS.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.3390/toxins12050330
Año: 2020
Publicado en: Toxins 12, 5 (2020), 330 [10 pp]
ISSN: 2072-6651

Factor impacto JCR: 4.546 (2020)
Categ. JCR: TOXICOLOGY rank: 21 / 93 = 0.226 (2020) - Q1 - T1
Categ. JCR: FOOD SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY rank: 32 / 143 = 0.224 (2020) - Q1 - T1

Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 1.046 - Toxicology (Q1) - Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis (Q1)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/DGA/FSE
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/FEDER/Una manera de hacer Europa
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/FIS/PI17-00949
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/UZ-DGA/Grupos Consolidados
Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Área Genética (Dpto. Anatom.,Embri.Genét.Ani.)
Área (Departamento): Área Farmacología (Dpto. Farmac.Fisiol.y Med.L.F.)

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