Bimanual wheelchair propulsion by people with severe hemiparesis after stroke
Resumen: Purpose: Individuals who require manual wheelchairs after stroke are typically taught to ambulate with compensatory propulsion (i.e., using their non-paretic arm and foot), risking disuse of the paretic arm. We investigated whether stroke survivors can instead ambulate in a bimanual, lever-driven wheelchair that requires the paretic arm to contribute half the propulsive input. Materials and methods: Seventeen individuals with chronic stroke and severe hemiparesis (upper extremity Fugl–Meyer scores between 10 and 24) participated across two experiments. In the first experiment, participants (n = 12) ambulated in straight paths. In the second experiment, participants (n = 12) also performed turns, using an improved version of the wheelchair that incorporated handbrakes. Twelve unimpaired controls also completed the second experiment. Motion capture and EMG were used to compare biomechanics between groups. Results: Altogether, 15 of 17 participants with stroke could ambulate 30 m in straight paths, and 9 of 12 could turn 1800° entirely under the power of their paretic arm. Participants with stroke exhibited largely healthy biomechanics, with minimal shoulder hiking/leaning or trunk inclination. Their arm muscle EMG patterns were similar to those used by unimpaired participants, excepting delayed elbow extensor activation. Conclusions: Individuals with severe arm impairment in the chronic stage of stroke retain sufficient strength and coordination with their paretic arm to manoeuvre bimanual, lever-driven wheelchairs. We suggest bimanual, lever-driven propulsion should be explored in stroke rehabilitation practice as an alternative to compensatory wheelchair propulsion, as it has the potential to exercise healthy movement synergies, which may in turn help drive use-dependent motor recovery.Implications for rehabilitation Severe arm impairment arising after stroke does not generally eliminate the motor dexterity needed to bimanually propel a manual wheelchair, provided that the wheelchair is modified to remove the requirement to grasp and release the push rim. Such exercise appears a good candidate to facilitate rehabilitation outcomes because it depends on alternating muscle activity and improving elbow extension. Such wheelchair propulsion involves largely normal biomechanics; shoulder hiking and leaning are absent and trunk inclination is rare.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1080/17483107.2019.1630018
Año: 2019
Publicado en: Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology (2019), 49-62
ISSN: 1748-3107

Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 0.564 - Biomedical Engineering (Q2) - Orthopedics and Sports Medicine (Q2) - Speech and Hearing (Q2) - Rehabilitation (Q2) - Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation (Q2)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/HYPER-CSD2009-00067
Tipo y forma: Artículo (PostPrint)
Área (Departamento): Área Ingen.Sistemas y Automát. (Dpto. Informát.Ingenie.Sistms.)

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