EEG frequency bands in subjective cognitive decline: A systematic review of resting state studies
Resumen: As the older population continues to expand, there is a growing prevalence of individuals who experience subjective cognitive decline (SCD), characterized by self-reported failures in cognitive function and an increased risk of cognitive impairment. Recognizing that preventive interventions are typically more effective in preclinical stages, current research endeavors to focus on identifying early biological markers of SCD using resting-state electroencephalogram (rsEEG) methods. To do so, a systematic literature review covering the past 20 years was conducted following PRISMA guidelines, in order to consolidate findings on rsEEG frequency bands in individuals with SCD. Pubmed and Web of Science databases were searched for rsEEG studies of people with SCD. Quality assessments were completed using a modified Newcastle-Ottawa scale. A total of 564 articles published from December 2003 to December 2023 were reviewed, and significant aspects of these papers were analyzed to provide a general overview of the research on this technique. After removing unrelated articles, nine articles were selected for the present study. The review emphasizes patterns in frequency band activity, revealing that individuals classified as SCD exhibited increased theta power than healthy controls, but decreased than MCI. However, findings for the alpha, delta, and beta bands were inconsistent, demonstrating variability across studies and highlighting the need for further research. Although the rsEEG of frequency bands emerges as a promising early biomarker, there is a noteworthy need to establish uniform standards and consistent measurement approaches in order to ensure the reliability and comparability of the results obtained in the research.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2024.108823
Año: 2024
Publicado en: BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY 191 (2024), 108823 [8 pp.]
ISSN: 0301-0511

Financiación: Info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/AEI/PID2020-119406GB-I00
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/DGA/S31-23R
Tipo y forma: Revisión (Versión definitiva)
Área (Departamento): Área Psicobiología (Dpto. Psicología y Sociología)

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