Effectiveness of disinfectant treatments for inactivating Piscirickettsia salmonis
Resumen: This short communication investigated in vitro differences between commercial disinfectants types (n = 36), doses of application, and time of action in the elimination of Piscirickettsia salmonis, the most important bacterium affecting farmed salmon in Chile. Seven different treatments were examined, including active and inactive chlorine dioxides, glutaraldehyde, hypochlorite disinfectants and detergents, peracetic acid, peroxides and other miscellaneous methods A 3 replicate set of each of the sample groups was stored at 20 °C and 95% relative humidity and retested after 1, 5 and 30 min with varying doses (low, recommended and high doses). Multiple comparison tests were performed for the mean log CFU/ml among different disinfectant types, dose (ppm) and time of exposure (minutes) on the reduction of P. salmonis. Overall, disinfection using peracetic acid, peroxides, and both active and inactive chlorine dioxides caused significantly higher reduction of >7.5 log CFU/ml in samples, compared to other tested sanitizers. The lowest reduction was obtained after disinfection with hypochlorite detergents. As expected, as doses and time of action increase, there was a significant reduction of the overall counts of P. salmonis. However, at lowest doses, only use of paracetic acids resulted in zero counts. Implementation of effective protocols, making use of adequate disinfectants, may enhance biosecurity, and ultimately, mitigate the impact of P. salmonis in farmed salmon.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2018.03.006
Año: 2018
Publicado en: PREVENTIVE VETERINARY MEDICINE 167 (2018), 196-201
ISSN: 0167-5877

Factor impacto JCR: 2.302 (2018)
Categ. JCR: VETERINARY SCIENCES rank: 10 / 141 = 0.071 (2018) - Q1 - T1
Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 1.102 - Food Animals (Q1) - Animal Science and Zoology (Q1)

Tipo y forma: Article (PostPrint)
Área (Departamento): Área Sanidad Animal (Dpto. Patología Animal)

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 Record created 2019-03-12, last modified 2020-01-17

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