Heart Rate Variability and Exceptional Longevity

Hernández-Vicente, A. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Hernando, D. ; Santos-Lozano, A. ; Rodríguez-Romo, G. ; Vicente-Rodríguez, G. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Pueyo, E. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Bailón, R. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Garatachea, N. (Universidad de Zaragoza)
Heart Rate Variability and Exceptional Longevity
Resumen: Centenarians are the paradigm of human extreme longevity and healthy aging, because they have postponed, if not avoided, mayor age-related diseases. The purpose of this study was to investigate potential differences in resting heart rate variability (HRV) between young adults, octogenarians, and centenarians and assess whether HRV variables are predictors of all-cause mortality in centenarians. To this end, three groups of participants: young adults (N = 20; 20.6 ± 2.3 years), octogenarians (N = 18; 84.1 ± 2.6 years), and centenarians (N = 17; 101.9 ± 1.9 years) were monitored for 15 min at rest (seated, without moving or talking) to measure RR intervals, from which HRV was evaluated. Our results showed a clear decrease with age in the main parasympathetic HRV variables, as well as in the standard deviation (SD) of the RR series [SD of normal-to-normal interval (SDNN)] and in low frequency (LF) heart rate (HR) oscillations, although differences between octogenarians and centenarians did not reach statistical significance. In 14 centenarians followed until death, only SDNN showed significant correlation (¿ = 0.536; p = 0.048) with survival prognosis. Additionally, SDNN <19 ms was associated with early mortality (=1 year) in centenarians (Hazard Ratio = 5.72). In conclusion, HRV indices reflecting parasympathetic outflow as well as SDNN and LF all present an age-related reduction, which could be representative of a natural exhaustion of allostatic systems related to age. Moreover, low SDNN values (<19 ms) could be associated with early mortality in centenarians. HRV seems to play a role in exceptional longevity, which could be accounted for by centenarians’ exposome.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2020.566399
Año: 2020
Publicado en: FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY 11 (2020), 566399 [9 pp]
ISSN: 1664-042X

Factor impacto JCR: 4.566 (2020)
Categ. JCR: PHYSIOLOGY rank: 14 / 81 = 0.173 (2020) - Q1 - T1
Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 1.32 - Physiology (medical) (Q2) - Physiology (Q2)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/DGA-FEDER/Construyendo Europa desde Aragón
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/DGA-FSE/LMP124-18
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/DGA-FSE/LMP24-18
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/DGA-FSE/LMP44-18
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/DGA-FSE/T39-20R-BSICoS group
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EUR/ERC-2014-StG-638284
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MECD/FPU16-05879
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MICIU/PID2019-105674RB-I00
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MICIU/RTI2018-097723-B-I00
Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Área Educación Física y Depor. (Dpto. Fisiatría y Enfermería)
Área (Departamento): Área Teoría Señal y Comunicac. (Dpto. Ingeniería Electrón.Com.)

Creative Commons You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.

Exportado de SIDERAL (2021-09-02-10:31:33)

Este artículo se encuentra en las siguientes colecciones:

 Record created 2020-11-16, last modified 2021-09-02

Versión publicada:
Rate this document:

Rate this document:
(Not yet reviewed)